What to do before, during, and after a volcanic eruption
30 September 2021
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By
Healthy Pilipinas
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23,823

The Philippines has various active volcanoes. For those living within the vicinity of those volcanoes, they can be a health and safety hazard. This is why it is important to be prepared for the possibility of a volcanic eruption .

PREPARING FOR A VOLCANIC ERUPTION:

• Develop an emergency plan including evacuation routes away from the volcano.
• Familiarize yourself with LGU plans as well as PHIVOLCS updates.
• Take note of hotlines and emergency numbers to call for help.
• Prepare an emergency supply kit consisting of food, water, clothing, first aid supplies, mobile phone, whistle, flashlight, & extra batteries.
• Have enough face masks for your household, as well as medicines for those who need them.

IF AN ERUPTION IS IMMINENT:

• Follow the advice of local authorities.
• Waiting inside your house can be dangerous; it is better to evacuate while there is still time.
• Bring survival kits.

IF THERE IS ASHFALL:

Volcanic ash consists of powder-sized to sand-sized particles that have been blown into the air by an erupting volcano. Exposure to falling ash may cause a number of health problems such as nose and throat irritation, cough, bronchitis-like illness, breathing discomfort, eye irritation, minor skin problems, and injuries/death due to roof collapse or vehicular accidents resulting from slippery roads and poor visibility. Those who have pre-existing health problems such as bronchitis, emphysema, or asthma should especially avoid exposure to volcanic ash.

Here are some ways to cope with ash fall:
• Minimize exposure to ash.
• Stay indoors as much as possible.
• Keep doors and windows closed.
• Use damp curtains, blankets or clothing to prevent infiltration of ash into the house.
• Use dust masks.
• Wear goggles or eyeglasses to protect eyes from irritation.
• Keep pets in closed shelters.
• Taking the necessary precautions, clear your roof of ash.
• Observe traffic notifications and road safety measures.