If an individual has any of the above symptoms and is either currently staying in or recently traveled to an area with known Zika fever cases, then he/she should be evaluated for the virus. A person’s blood and/or urine may be taken for RT-PCR testing (for blood and urine samples) or antibody testing (for blood samples) to establish the diagnosis. It is also important to evaluate individuals like these for dengue and chikungunya, as the Zika fever may closely resemble these two illnesses.
Currently, there are no specific antiviral medications for the Zika virus. Since most individuals recover within a week, only supportive care is necessary. This involves getting enough rest, drinking enough water, and taking paracetamol to control fever and pain.