Avoiding risk factors and increasing protective factors may help prevent prostate cancer. Risk factors include cigarette smoking, heavy alcohol intake, and obesity; thus, individuals may lower their risk by stopping/avoiding cigarette smoking, limiting alcoholic intake, and exercising regularly.
Other risk factors which may increase the risk of prostate cancer include vitamin E intake, folic acid supplementation, a diet high in dairy products and calcium. However, an individual must ask a doctor first to assess whether avoiding these nutrients are necessary.
Protective factors, on the other hand, include folate (found in green vegetables, beans, and orange juice) and the use of medications which lower the level of male sex hormones in the body; however, self-medicating with these drugs is discouraged, and one must visit a doctor to determine whether the use of such drugs is warranted.