Monkeypox is an infectious disease caused by the monkeypox virus. While this disease was first identified in primates, other animals, such as rodents, can also spread the virus to humans. In previous years, monkeypox infections were mostly seen in African countries. However, since May 2022, increasing numbers of monkeypox cases have been reported in different countries. This has prompted the World Health Organization to declare monkeypox as a public health emergency of international concern.
Monkeypox can be passed from one person to another by:
Monkeypox can also be passed from an animal to a person if he/she:
Monkeypox may present with the following signs and symptoms:
Monkeypox symptoms may be first observed within 5-21 days after getting infected. Symptoms can last for 2-4 weeks.
While there are no specific treatments for monkeypox, drugs that treat smallpox may be used because of genetic similarities between the monkeypox and smallpox viruses. For those with severe monkeypox symptoms, consult with your doctor to see if hospital treatment is needed.
Here are a few tips that might help limit the spread of monkeypox:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). Monkeypox Signs and Symptoms. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved August 7, 2022, from https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/symptoms.html
Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. (2022, July 29). What is Monkeypox, how does it spread and how can it be prevented? Mayo Clinic. Retrieved August 7, 2022, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/infectious-diseases/expert-answers/monkeypox-faq/faq-20533608
NHS. (2022). Monkeypox. NHS choices. Retrieved August 7, 2022, from https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/monkeypox/
Thornhill, J., Barkati, S., Walmsley, S., et al. (2022). Monkeypox virus infection in humans across 16 countries — April–June 2022. N Engl J Med. https://www.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa2207323.