A fracture is an injury to any bone in the body where cracks or a complete break along the bone may be observed. This can be classified as either an open fracture, wherein the bone fragments can be seen breaking through the skin, or a closed fracture. The most common sites for fractures include the hip, wrist, and ankle.
Bone fractures occur due to extreme force of impact or stress that the bone cannot handle. The following can lead to broken bones:
Those with fractures may experience:
After a physical exam and a full health history is taken, diagnostic imaging will be done to conclude for fractures. X-rays are the most common imaging modality used to examine fracture but MRIs and CT scans can also be used when necessary.
Bone fractures can take several months to heal depending on the severity. Injuries are treated by immobilizing the fracture and aligning the bones well in order for the bone to naturally mend itself in the correct position. This may be done through the following:
Fractures can be prevented with the following remedies and lifestyle changes:
Bone Fractures. BetterHealth Channel. Updated August 30, 2014. Accessed July 25, 2022. https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/bone-fractures#causes-of-bone-fractures
Brazier, Y. What is a Fracture? MedicalNewsToday. August 24, 2021. Accessed July 25, 2022. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/173312#prevention
Brennan, D. What is Skeletal Traction? WebMD.Reviewed April 27, 2021. Accessed July 25, 2022. https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/what-is-skeletal-traction
Fractures. Cedars Sinai. Accessed July 25, 2022. https://www.cedars-sinai.org/health-library/diseases-and-conditions/f/fractures.html
Throckmorton, T.W. Fractures (Broken Bones). OrthoInfo. Reviewed August 2021. Accessed July 25, 2022. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/fractures-broken-bones/