There are two types of diabetes mellitus, Type 1 and Type 2. Both types are caused by issues with the same hormone, insulin. Insulin is made in the pancreas and helps move glucose out of the blood and into cells, which use the glucose for energy.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) happens when the pancreas does not make enough insulin. In individuals with T1DM, their immune system attacks their pancreas for unknown reasons. This damages the pancreas, making it hard for the pancreas to make enough insulin.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), which is more common in adults, happens when the body stops responding to insulin. This may be due to several factors, which may include:
• High blood pressure
• High levels of fat in the blood
• History of diabetes during pregnancy
• High fat diet
• High alcohol intake
• Lack of exercise
• Obesity or overweight
• Genetic factors
• Increasing age